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NEWTON Notes Alchimiques - Ms 3975 (2ème partie)


 263f 2644 2643 263d 2640 2642 2609 


I  S  A  A  C     N  E  W  T  O  N

Notes Alchimiques 

Isaac Newton's Alchemical Notes in "Laboratory Notebook" 1664-1696
Portsmouth Collection Add. MS. 3975, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge University


PART 2


Antimony 480grains, Lead ore 400grains Regulus of
vulgar Tin poudered 400 gave Regulus 367.
2641 400, Lead ore 320, Reg 2643 400 gave Reg 375
2641 400, Lead ore 300 Regulus 2643 400 gave Regulus 370
The second Regulus shot clearer & brighter
then the first or third was more inclined to be
stellar. And therefore that proportion
seemed the best. Of this 20grains e339 24grains left 6 1/6grains:which with e339 12 grains left 3/5 or 4/7grains in the bottom.
Copper or Iron ore with Lead gave but little
Regulus. But e320 2, 2641 4, Regulus of vulgar 2644
3 gave 2 of Regulus & e320 3, 2641 6
Regulus of 2644 6 gave Regulus 5.
Item e010 3, 2641 6 Regulus of 2644 6 gave Regulus 5 1/6.
Regulus of Vulgar 2644 highly refined readily imbibes the
undistilled spirit. Regulus of e320 or e31cdoes it
slowly. & that in a gentle heat or in cold
better then in too great a heat. For in good
heat it was scarce imbibed in 24 hours
but in cold for the same time & once
for 1/4 of an hour in a gentle heat it
imbibed it fully. The distilled spirit the Regulus
of e010 or e320 will not imbibe unless after the
undistilled. Regulus of e320 imbibed with 1/8 of
undistilled spirit 9grains sublimed with e339 12 left about
1 grain in the bottom. The sublimate was white but
the precipitate thereof inclining to Orange. Regulus
of e010 imbibed with 1/10 of undistilled spirit 12 grains
sublimed with e339 12 grains left 3grains in the bottom
& these 3 grains sublimed with e339 4grains left 2/3 or 3/4 grains.
The abovesaid Regulus of 2644 imbibed with 1/10 of
undistilled spirit of 2641, 12grains with e339 18grains left in the
bottom 3 1/3 & those 3 1/3 with e339 8 left 2 5/6.
Regulus of 2641 alone 8grains sublimed with e339 8grains left 4 1/5.

129
e329 3, 2641 6, Regulus 2644 vulgar 6 gave Regulus 5.
Of this Regulus mixed with half its weight of Bismuth 10grains sublimed with e339 15grains left 3 1/2
grains & in the end of the sublimation the matter
melted & shrivelled together as in the
sublimation of Regulus of 2643 vulgar. Those 3 1/2 grains sublimed
with e339 7 grains left 1 grain melted into lumps
or granulae of white brittle metal &
this 1grain sublimed with e339 4grains left scarce 1/2 a
grain again melted together: the issue in all
things being like that in Regulus of vulgar 2643.
And the 1/2 grain which was left being dissolved
in e00d gave solution not at all sweet like that
of saccharum Saturni but of an acid
stiptickness biting like the solution of 2643
Whence I concluded that in this Regulus there was
no 2644. Upon some of this Regulus poudered &
not mixed with Bismuth I poured e00d & the
e00d acted not on it in cold, nor in heat
till the heat was great & extracted not
least of sweetnes
Regulus vulgar 2642 2, Bismuth 1, Of this 12 grains
with 12grains of e339 left 7 1/4grains in the bottom &
those with e339 12grains left 2 1/4 grains in the bottom
& those with e339 6grains left 1grain in the bottom
The sublimate rose heavily & the
two last times that which remained in the
bottom melted into a white brittle metal
like Regulus. Probably the heat was a little
greater then the first time. But Regulus
vulgar 2642 per se 12grains with e339 12grains left
only. 4 3/4 in the bottom. So that Bismuth
promotes not the sublimation of 2642 but rather
hinders.

Regulus of 2643 vulgar 8grains without Bismuth
e339 8grains left 3 2/3grains in the bottom & these
3 2/3 grains with 8grains left 1/3grains. But the
sublimate rose very heavily, especially the
second time. Whence the addition of Bismuth
seems to promote the volatility, but not cause it. Nay it rather hinders the volatility.
2643 & 2646 ana melted together made a
hard brittle & most easily fusible metal
which would not grind to fine pouder of
this ground pretty fine in a mortar 12grains
e339 12grains there remained after a
strong sublimation 10grains in the bottom, so
that tis the 2641 which gives the Volatility
though the 2646 increase it.
Regulus of 2644 vulgar 15grains e339 18grains left about
6grains. of this 5grains with e339 10grains left 1grain.
Which did not readily dissolve in e00d nor yeild
any sweet solution or saccharum. Again Regulus
of 2644 vulgar 20grains with e339 20 left 10grains which
with e339 10grains left but 1 3/4grains & this with
e339 4grains left 1 1/2grains. Wheres this is notable
that Regulus 8 1/4 was carried up with e339 10 in the
second sublimation.
Regulus made of 2641 5, e32a 4, Regulus 2643 5. Of this 20grains
e339 24grains was left 6 1/6 grains which with e339 12grains left
3/5 or 4/7 grain. Again The same Regulus 2 mixed
with 2641 1. Of this 12 grains with e339 16 was
left 5 2/3 grains. This with e339 12 grains left 2 3/4.
So that the addition of Bismuth hinders volatility.
Regulus 2642, Regulus e31ce320 ana, Regulus e31ce320 ana
1 with 2640 1/4, Regulus e31ce320 ana 1 with 2640 1/2, Regulus 2643
Regulus made with 2641 2, e329 1 & Regulus 2644 2 in 10 hours
in a gentle heat grew hard with the

131
undistilled spirit. Regulus made with e329 1 2641 2
& Regulus 2644 2 was almost as hard as Regulus 2643
Regulus 2644 vulgar made with 2641 3 2644 2 & unrefined
was soft & by further digestion hardened
not but afterwards in cold ran per
deliquium. Regulus made with 2641 2 e32a 1 Regulus 2643 2
was almost as soft as Regulus 2644 & so was
Regulus of 2641 alone but these by 4 or 5
hours digestion more grew hard & did not
any more run per deliquium. Regulus of 2642
vulgar seemed to harden the soonest & grow
most tastless. Regulus of e31ce320 with 1/4 or 1/2
of 2640 was not so hard as Regulus 2642 being
at first a little more moistened Regulus
of e31ce320 with out 2640 was as hard as any
& tastless. These Reguli with out 2640 did
better then with 2640 the hardning coming
from the 2641. Regulus 2642, Regulus e31ce320, Regulus 2643
vulgar were all three tastless. The rest not
altogether tastless. These things were
remarkable that Regulus of 2644 vulgar did not
harden, that Regulus of 2641 & 2643 did harden, & that
Regulus of 2642 vulgar & of e31ce320 did harden more
with out 2640 then with her. I tryed also
the white precipitate of 2641 dissolved in e307
but it did not harden the spirit either
distilled or undestilled.
Regulus of 2641 & Bismuth ana melted together
& sublimed in a glass shut up 292
grains with e339 408grains left in the bottom melted into
a metallick lump 197 so that 75grains were
carried up that is about 2/11 of the e339 whereas
in the open air the e339 would have carried up
half its weight. So above Regulus made of

of 2643 4, e329 1, e018 1, 2646 4, 2641 12, 13 drachm
sublimed with e339 17 1/2 drachms left 10 1/2
drachms the e339 carrying up but 1/7th of
its weight which in the open air would
have carryed up 1/2. Again Regulus of 2641 per se
240 grains with e339 360 grains in a close glass left in the bottom
194grains so that but 48grains was carried up
that is 2/15 of the e339 which in open air
carried 1/2 of its weight. Yet in a glass
e339 5parts carried up 3 parts of Regulus of 2640
imbibed with 1/4 of spirit of 2641. So that the
imbibition seems to promote the volatility.
I imbibed 50grains of Regulus of 2641 per se
with so much acetum as to make it weigh
70grains. To this I added 105 grains of e339 &
in a close glas after sublimation there
remained only 5grains which tasted saltish
because of some fixt salt in the acetum
which would not rise. The precipitate of
the sublimate was white & five grains
of of this sublimate with
5grains of e316 left 3 1/3 grains in the bottom so
that it carried up 1/3 of the e316. Item the
said sublimate 8grains, sublimate of e316 made with crude 2641
& philtred & dried 4grains, red precipitate of 2642
extracted out of the ore with acetum Philosophicum non
destill, etc 4grains left 4grains of red pouder in
the bottom so that none of the precipitate was carried
up. I do not therefore see that sublimate
of Regulus of 2641 per se is to be used.
Fixt salt of 2642 6grains, volatile salt of
2640 with e339 philtred & dried 6grains, crude 2641
sublimed with e339 8grains all sublimed together
left 5grains in the bottom. So that volatile

133
salt of 2640 hinders the volatization of salt of 2642
by hindering the action of the 2641.
Regulus 2640 vulgar impregnated with 1/4 of its
weight of the spirit, sublimed, praecipitated,
4grains with e316 volatized philtred
& dryed (whereof 1/2 was e339) 4grains. In an easy
heat all arose but 2 grains & those tasted
stiptick & vitriolique & in the air grew a little moist
so that the e316 laid hold on the 2640.
Monday The oak (i.e. Regulus 2642 2640 2641) imbibed with 1/(7 1/3) of vinegre of 2641
6grainse316 volatized philtred. 10grains, grew moist &
ready to buble in the sublimation & 5grains
were left below. The sublimed with e339
6grains boyled very much with an easy heat
& afterward by increasing the heat boyled
again much & at length left 3grains in the
bottom which with e339 6grains grew moist again
in an easy heat & afterwards began to
boyle though not so much as before & then
the glass broke.
Tuesday July 19 The oake <(>i.e. Regulus sup.) not imbibed with
acetum 6grains, & e339 9grains left 4 1/3 in the bottom.
The matter boyled not. Item The oak
imbibed with 1/(7 1/3) of Vinegre 6grains & e339 9grains left
3 1/2 in the bottom so that the Vinegre volatized the
oake to one third part more then before & the matter
in subliming melted & boyled much &
sublimed quickly with an easy heat. The remaining
3 1/2grains with 9grains of e339 left 2 1/2 below & in the
Subliming grew moist but boyled very little
Comparing this experiment with that of the day before
it seems the e316 promotes both the volatility &
fusibility. The oake imbibed a second time
whether with distilled or undistilled salt of 2641

does not drink up the salt so as to become
tastless, but the salt extracts a e316 in both
cases, which by affusion of water may be
separated from it. This oak thus twice
imbibed so as to hold above one fourth of its weight
of the salt I melted & it ran of its self
& was fusible enough & brittle & looked without of a
red colour like copper but within after it was
cool & imbibed again with salt did not
drink up the salt so as to become tastless but the salt extracted
a vitriol. The same oak imbibed
but once so as to hold 1/(7 1/3) of its weight
I melted & when poured out it
was a white metal brittler then the former red metal & grained almost as
metals melted with 2641 use to bee. Or like
the oak it self, but of a duller colour &
the grains not so well polished nor so
regular. And this I conceive to be the
right preparation of the Oak. But I
do not think it is to be volatized with Venus
because the addition of more Regulusof 2641
will volatize it better. Tis rather
designed for a clean sulphur to joyn in
fermentation with 263f.
The o
<The remainder of this page is blank except for possible shelfmarks and indications of library ownership.>

135
February 29 1683/4. To 263f 20grains I added by
degrees fullers earth grinding them together
till the earth drank up all the 263f, which was
almost done with twice as much earth, &
very well with thrice as much, that is
with 60grains. The whole weighed 75grains there
being lost 5grains in the grinding. Perhaps
some moisture might exhale from the earth
To this I poured spirit of 2641 19grains. In a
gentle heat of digestion for a day or
two some moisture came over. Then
distilling in naked fire there came over
first much moisture then some 263f running.
No spirit of 2641 arose. At length almost
in a red heat arose a white salt. And
increasing the fire to a red heat &
continuing it 3 or 4 hours there arose
fumes continually but at last more
slowly then at first by much.
This salt (some of it) stood melted
in the neck for some time. & I am apt
to think it dissolved some of the 263f then
In a while it coagulated, & some of it
next the fire sublimed before it melted
again. Perhaps it was incrassated by the
dissolution of some 263f. The matter in
the bottom looked redder then fullers
earth & weighed 43grains & on a red hot iron did not smoake. The sublimed
salt & 263f together weighed 26grains besides a grain or two left in the retort neck. Fullers
earth 60grains after being well dryed in the
fire in a fireshovel not red hot
weighed 43 1/2grains. The salt was very
pouderous. Its tast strong sourish ungrateful & tasting


something like sublimate. Part of it did
not dissolve in water. Probably the tasting
& dissolvable part is analogous to
sublimate the undissolvable part to mercurius
dulcis. Quaere!
I had formerly melted e31d 1part & 2641
2parts together the e31d was grosly beaten
& so the matter did not in melting work
& swell so much as when the e31d was
ground fine. For I suspect all the e31d was
not dissolved by the 2641. This matter
was much harder also & less spongy
then when the ore was ground fine, &
the sublimate of it made with e339 was
of a light ash colour & so was
the precipitate of that sublimate the
first time I had used too great heat
in the sublimacion the 2d time I used
less heat & the sublimate was whiter.
but did not in either case turn green.
I melted therefore 2 parts of 2641 grosly
beaten & 1 of e31d ground fine puting
them well mixed together in a crucible
first made red hot. They did not melt
together till the matter had continued for
sometime red hot. After they were melted
stirring them together so long as one may
count 160 or 200 I poured them of.
& had a spongy cinder which when cold
was so brittle & friable that in
the middle I could rub it to pouder
with my fingers & break it very easily any

137
where with my bare hands. When
hot it was tougher then when cold yet even
then very easily broken any where & when
it was ready to break & fall in pieces with
the least touch being flawed in many places.
of this 13 parts ground fine & mixed
with its weight of poudered e339 there was
7 parts carried up in such an easy heat
as would raise e339 alone. The
remainder being put in an open glass over such
a heat as would doe a little more then
sublime e339, fumed & in some places took
fire like tinder & continued to fume
of the fire till it was so cool that I could
handle it. There flew away in the
fuming 1/11 part Of the residue 60grains
mixed with e339 120grains & sublimed in an
open glass till it had done fuming there
remained 26 1/2 grains. So that of the whole
13 parts there remained only (26 1/2)/11 not
sublimed, that is the part sublimed was
to the part fixed as 13 to 3 or 9 to 2.
Or in 12 parts of the whole whereof 4
were e31d & 8 2641 there remained only
2 1/4 not sublimed And the
remainder (26 1/2)/11 was tastless & again
sublimed with its weight of e339 left
only 24/11 in the bottom. So that 13 parts
was reduced to 24/11, that is 6 parts to
one very nearly. Whence 2641 & e31d together

are more volatile then 2641 alone. The 1st
sublimate had a dark coloured core
covered with a less dark coloured rind or bark
the core was compact & heavy the rind
spongy. Upon affusion of water the rind
dissolved first & gave a milk white
precipitate then the core dissolving gave
a dark coloured precipitate which upon
a second affusion of water made the
whole look of a blewish colour, or
upon stirring the matter well together in
the first affusion. To the top of the glass
ascended a red sublimate which taken by
it self gave a red precipitate. So that
the whole precipitate was a mixture of
3 colours white red & blew. In the
drying it looked almost like blew clay
but scarce so blew. And when dry it
seemed to incline to a colour between blew
& willow green. Perhaps less e339 would
extract a green & more noble sublimate.
e316 of e325 well dryed 440 grains & e339 prepared
440 grains in distillation boyled a little & left
187 1/2grains in the bottom besides a grain or two in the glas sides.
The distillacion was done in naked fire in 3 hours & must
be watched lest it boyle over. After it
had done boyling I urged it above an hour
with a bigger heat, & the matter continued
melted but fumed not much.
The former Greenish blew precipitate 12grains &
this sublimate 6grains left in the bottom
9 1/2grains. The same praecipitate 12 grains &
Sublimate 12grains left in the bottom 8 1/4grains. The
same precipitate 12grains & this sublimate 18grains left
7 1/4grains & this remainder with new sublimate

139
left 4 3/4grains. The same precipitate 12grains
alone, burnt blew so soon as hot, but I blew
out the fire presently & in the end when it
had done fuming there remained 11 1/4grains or
11 1/3grains or rather 11 2/7grains. So then heate
alone in 12grains of precipitate carries up 5/7grain
or 2/3grain & above this 6, 12, 18,
24, 30grains of sublimate carries up about
1 2/3, 3, 4, 4 4/5, 5 1/2,grains at once but more
successively.
Note that in making your sublimate of e325
if there be 12 parts of e316 well dryed,
then 8 or 9 parts of e339 makes the matter
grow most liquid & boyle most, &
volatizeth almost or fully as great a quantity but makes
it not so volatile for a greate heate
must be used toward the end to raise the
e316olick spirit 12 or 15 parts of e339 volatizeth
much better & is more managable in the
distillation & 18 parts is still more
managable, & parhaps adds something to the
volatility. For now the spirit of e316 rose almost
all with the e339, so that after the matter
had done boyling in the bottom little more
arose. But a piece of the caput
mortuum put on a red hot iron
boyled & soon fumed all away, so that its
probable the caput mortuum may be all destilled
by mixing it with 2 or 3 or 4 times its weight of
fullers earth, & this sublimate will be
pure for fermentation.
Sublimate of e325 e339 120 grains drawn
from precipitate of e321 120grains left 74grains below

Item sublimate of e325 e339 120grains, precipitate of
e321 60grains left 28 1/4 in the bottom. The
former of these two new sublimates 12grains
e32a 12 ground together & urged over
a candle till the matter had done
fuming there remained 16grains which on
the naked fire difficultly melted & slowly
sublimed & left a white fixt calx
weighing 11grains. So e31cvolatile does not
promote the volatility of 2644 in a violent
way but must be used by way of
fermentation.
The net 3 parts imbibed with acetum 2641ii
1 part melted pretty easily but not untill the
heat began to be red. This melted metal looked
red without & being broken looked whiter within
with some rays or barrs like 2641. Being ground it
made a red pouder which upon affusion of
Acetum 2641ii grew a little warm & having drunk
up half its weight of acetum so as to become
heavier by half, it would not melt any
more, but on a red hot iron lay like a
dry pouder fuming a very little. Some of
it which I had not urged in the fier I
imbibed again but it would not drink up all
the vinegre. Whence the vinegre does not
dissolve the 2641 & 2642 but only the 2640. The
vinegre & extracted e316 being washed of
of the matter which after the first melting
had imbibed 1/2 its weight the remaining
calx was lighter then before the imbitition
by 2/7 of its weight, so that 7 grains of
acetum dissolved 4 of 2640

141
The net imbibed with 0. 1/(7 1/3). 1/3. 1/2. 2/3. 1, of
2641ial Vinegre & 8grains thereof
sublimed with 16, 14, 12, 11, 10, 8 of common e339
there remained 5, 4. 2 8/9. 2 2/3. 2 4/5. 4.
The first boyled not, The second melted &
boyled & sublimed quickly with an easy
heat, the third was still more fusible, the fourth
boyled most of all, the fift & third boyled
much alike, the sixt boyled little melted
difficultly rose heavily & was thre or 4
times longer in subliming then the fift.
The remainder of the fift 2 parts sublimed
again with e339 3 parts left 1 1/3. The
fift 8 parts sublimed with e339 8, 10, 12, 16 parts
left 3, 2 3/4, 2 8/9, 3 1/2: of which the last rose
heavily & did not flow so much as the
three first. This was in an open vessel. In
a shut vessel 240grains of the fift sublimed
with 300 grains of e339 left only 64 grains in
the bottom. The sublimate weighed 340grains
wherof I reccon 170grains metall, & 170 e339. The
rest of the e339 being destroyed & turned
into water in the action. Item 360grains of
the third sublimed with 540grains of e339 left
115grains in the bottom, & in the subliming boyled
much. Of the last sublimate but one which
weighed 340grains, 12grains sublimed from 12grains
of Lead ore melted difficultly rose heavily &
left 6grains in the bottom. The like did 24grains
sublimed from 12grains of Lead ore
e339 praeparatus 8, 10, 12, 15, 18, 24grains sublimed
from e316 12grains left 8 1/3, 7 5/9, 7, 6 1/4, 5 3/5,
6 1/3. They all melted freely but the last
especially the second which grew most fluid & boyled most & the third which melted soonest. The remainders of the three
first on a red hot iron did not melt, but only

simpered a very little next the iron & the third
simpered more then the first. The fourth
melted freely & boyled, the fift melted
with a less heat & the sixt with a heat still
something less. All things considered I prefer
the fift. Half an ounce of the caput
mortuum of the fift I mixed with
about an ounce or an ounce & a half
of poudered glass & urged it till the
breech of the Retort was red hot but
it would not rise at all. Yet dropt on
a red hot iron or on burning coales
it boyled & fumed most of it away.
To the volatized part therefore I
poured its weight of e00d. Being urged with
too much heat it boyled over into a glass
vessel it stood in. Then in a boyling heat
I put in 2641 till the e00d was satiated. Another
time I put in the e00d by degrees but
that did not so well. Let the e00d be put
in all at once & a gradual heat be
gently administred till the mated be almost
boyling hot or boyling hot, then put in
2641 till it be satiated. To this I poured
water till all the 263f vitae was
precipitated. It took 8 or 12 times its quantity
of water to cleare it well. Then I
evaporated till the salt was ready to
crystallize & put it in a retort & made
it boyle till the flegm was
distilled. At another time I dryed it
before I put it in the retort & then using
too big a heat the salt arose before
all the acid spirit was come over

143
Wherefore I washed back the salt with
warm water & distilled it of with a boyling
heat & continued that heat till all the
acid flegm & spirit of 2641 was come over
for it came over almost all before the
salt rose which it would not have done if I
had increased the heat too soon. Then I
increased the heat & the salt sublimed into
the neck of the retort white tasting almost
like sea salt but more pungent. There
arose with it a small quantity of spirit of 2641
which I conceive may be separated by
rectification, or by boyling the salt with a little
spar & filtring it.
The net twice imbibed drinks up about
1/3 of its weight of acetum. Of this sublimed &
precipitated 12grains the aforesaid salt 3grains left
9 1/2grains tastless below the matter rose heavily & boyled not. Item precipitated
6grains salt 3grains left 3 1/7grains, tastless this
with new salt 3grains left 1 3/5grains stiptick. In the
former of these two sublimations the matter
boyled not but only simpered next the glas
& grew moist. Item precipitate 9grains salt 6grains
boyled freely sublimed quickly & left 3 1/6grains
Item the precipitate 5grains salt 4grains boyled very
frely sublimed quickly & left 1grain exactly of
a sweetish & a litle stiptick tast but not
strong. This was tryed with great exactness
& caution, the matters being mingled on a
looking-glass that none of them might be
lost. The last but one was also tryed
carefully enough the matters being mingled on
a glass with the point of a knife. The last
of 5 to 4 is the best proportion for there the
salt carries up its weight & the matters grow
most fluid & sublime quickest. Item in a

closed glas the said precipitate 144 grains & salt 48 grains
left below 104grains consentaneous to the foregoing
experiments. So that tis alike whether the sublimations
be done in a closed glas or in the open air.
Item the net imbibed thrice so as to hold
2/3 of it weight of acetum, & sublimed, & to
6grains of the precipitate there being added 3grains of
salt, their remained below 3 1/7. So that
two imbibitions do as well as three. Item
the net 3 parts melted with spelter
1 part grew hot upon the first imbibition
& drank up the vinegre greedily but did not
swell so much therewith as the net alone
Being twice imbibed (whereby it drank up
2/7 of its weight) & then 12parts thereof
sublimed with 18 of e339, the matter rose very
heavily & left 9 parts in the bottom.
So that nothing is to be added to the net.
Regulus of 2641 1 melted together with Bismuth
2, 3, 4parts & twice imbibed & sublimed with 1 1/2
of its weight of e339 ascended almost wholly. Of
Regulus of 2641 1 melted with Bismuth 9 parts, twice
imbibed, 10grains sublimed with 15grains of e339 melted a
little & left below 2 5/9grains of which 5/9grain was
a lump of metal melted together. The
rest vizt 2grains & e339 3grains melted freely
together & left below 1/2grain which again sublimed
with e339 1grain did not melt nor lose of its
weight. Regulus 2641 1 + Bismuth 9parts twice imbibed 10grains & e339 18grains left
2 grains below. Regulus 2641 1 part Bismuth 6 parts twice imbibed, 10grains
e339 15grains boyled something more & rose a
little more readily & left below 2grains.
In a closed glass Regulus 2641 1 part Bismuth 9parts
twice imbibed, 120grains sublimed with e339 180grains
left below scarce above 4 or 5 grains

145
in form of an ash coloured earth, next
above this was a scaly matter which the e339
had in a tumultuary way raised at first
& then subliming higher with a less heat
left. This weighed about 28grains & looked of
a pearly colour being both for colour & Shape
like the scales of fishes, & on a red hot
iron did not melt nor smoke. The upper
sublimate gave 40grains of precipitate, which
on a red hot iron neither melted
nor fumed. The 2641ial acetum I suspect
went away in the water. When there
was but 6 parts or less of Bismuth to one
of 2641 there were in the sublimation raised
the same pearly scales but not in so
great a quantity. Perhaps more e339 would
make less scales. Regulus of 2643 2 parts &
Bismuth 1 or 2 parts twice imbibed &
sublimed with 1 1/2 of its weight of e339 rose
freely enough. The precipitate of these
sublimates whether of Regulus 2641 & Bismuth or of
Regulus 2643 & Bismuth are not at all raised
or volatised by the sublimate of the net,
but remain below of the same weight
as before. e023. But by e314 e325 they are as I found afterward
Regulus of 2641 per se 16 parts imbibed with acetum
parts so as to weigh 23 parts, being laid on a
red hot iron melted & a little of the
Regulus ran into a lump. Regulus 2641 16 parts acetum
8 parts laid on a red hot iron there ran
now into a lump scarce half so much
Regulus as before.

Regulus 15
acetum 8 left not Regulus unsatiated. None
of it then ran to metall in melting on a
red hot iron. Of this, one ounce of 480grains
e339 720grains left about 15 or 20grains below
whereof 7grains were earth, the rest fixt Salt.
The precipitate weighed 337grains. So that all
the acetum 2641ii (except perhaps
about 23grains) was dissolved by the e339 in the
boyling of the matters together. For they
boyled much together in the subliming.
And perhaps the 22grains went away in
drying the 2641 well before sublimation.
This precipitate was not at all carried up
by the sublimate of the net.
 e320 1 + 2641 2 confusa contrita sublimated & precipitated
grains, sal e325 1grain left 1 1/2grains below. Idem
grains sal e325 1 1/2 left 9/8grain below. Idem 3grains sal e325
grains left 1 grain below. Idem 48grains + e325 16grains
left 27 grains below.
e314 2642tis aceto destilled extracted 1parte339
praeparatus 2 parts left 1/2 part below, whereof
one half was a salt dissolvable in water
the other a scorious earth. This earth 6grains
with e339 12grains left 5 1/2grains below. The first
sublimed salt dissolved in water to precipitate
the 2641, then evaporated, dissolved with 3 times
its weight of e00d & satiated with 2641 to
destroy the e339. Then diluted with water to
precipitate the 2641, philtred, evaporated & sublimed
the salt of 2642 sublimed white all to the top
except a little feces with as easy or
almost as easy an heat as the salt of 2640
would do but in the sublimation melted not

147
either above or below as the e314 of 2640 does. This
salt then is not fusible like that of 2640.
Lead ore 240grana2641 sublimatum & praecipitatum 240grana, Rete
sublimatum & praecipitatum 60grana, Regulus 2643 1 + Bismutum 1 confusa
sublimata & praecipitata 80grana: haec omnia confusa &
contrita et pulveris hujus 8grana sublimati cum sale e325
2grana & e339 8grana linquebatur in fundo 4grana:
quae rursus sublimata cum e314 e325 1 1/4 & e339 5grana linquebatur
in fundo 3 1/2. Nequit igitur 2644 hoc modo
(facta cum metallis volatilibus
colliquefactione) elevari.

263f 20grains e314 e325 20 ground together with dried
fullers earth 40grains sublimed easily enough &
melted more freely then e314 e325 & being cold the
sublimate weighed about 35grains (besides live 263f
1grain) & looked white like enammel, but
when melted was transparent. About 20 parts
of e314 (or perhaps 19 if the e314 be well dryed)
takes up 19 of 263f or 16 takes up 15.
Silver & Regulus 2641 ana colliquated & ground
fine & twice imbibed & sublimed 8grains with
12 of e339 left 5grains below & this again
sublimed with e339 left 4 1/2 below something
tough & upon rubbing between two glasses
pollishable with a colour where polished
in some places dull & leaden in some
places bright & white like polished silver
I do not perceive therefore that any
Silver was carried up this way.
Spelter 2 & Regulus 2641 1 or spelter 2 & Regulus 2643 1
melted together flamed & much of the spelter sublimed
in

in white fumes adhering to the sides of the crucible. The
metal in the bottom being ground, & Acetum 2641ii pourd
on it, the Acetum worked vehement with a smart
ebullition & extracted a salt. Three parts of this
matter took up above 2 of acetum (if not 3 )
& left 1/3 in the bottom. The matter dryed
before the separation of the salt from it
did not sublime with e339 but the salt extracted
did sublime with e339 prepared, as freely as
salt of 2640 if not more freely For it left a less remainder.. Nonne sal iste
263fio affinior quam sal 2640ii? Nonne mediator est
inter utrumque ad caduceum componendum 
e339 praepared 3parts sublimate from e31c + e320 1 part &
again from new e31ce320 1 part & again from e31ce320 1 part
the first time left caput mortuum 1 part the 2d time
simpered a little in the subliming & left almost 1 part of
caput mortuum the third time boyled very much
in the subliming & left almost 1 part of caput mortuum
The first caput mortuum 5 parts sublimed with vulgar
e339 left 4 parts or something less & the
sublimate was white but the three former
sublimates were dirty of a blackish grey
mixt with red. The third of these sublimates
gave a dirty praecipitate of which 3parts sublimed
with pure e314 of 2640 left about 2 parts. So that the
sublimate did carry up much of the e31ce320 but
not so much as if the 2641 e31ce320 had been
melted together.
In subliming crude 2641 the yellow & red
flowers in a salt still ascend all into the head
& there fall into the cavity. Some litle brimstone
sticks to the upper part of the body & there
melts into drops which take fire like other
brimstone. The main & good part of the 2641 settles below
an inch or two above the sand. If the flours
in the head be sublimed again per se in a gentle

149
heat, there first arise a yellow sulphereous
substance which burns like brimstone, & The matter
below turns black when about one fourth therof is
sublimed & when one third thereof is sublimed tis as
black as the good sublimate in the lower part
of the body but not of so much vertue. For
parts of e316 of 2640 & 9 parts of this sublimate left
parts in the bottom or more. The same flowers
in the head aforesaid praecipitated
with water gave a yellow praecipitate
which over an easy heat turned black, there
subliming about 1/11 of the matter which
sublimate was yellow & burned like brimstone.
I conceive there is no considerable use to be made of
the said flowers unles to praecipitate them
evaporate the sulphur & sublime
them with new 2641 or per se.
The net 3 parts Regulus 2643 2 Bismutum 1 confusa &
contrita, vix parum bulliebant in sublimata et praecipitata 3grana. rursusque sublimata cum e314 e325 2 1/2grana
in sublimatione non bulliebant, vix et non nisi
in parte materiae paululum liquefiebant, &
relinquebant in fundo 1/3 grana pulveris lutei. Rete igitur
non est miscendum cum metallis albis ad componendum
sal fusibile

Friday May 23 Jovem super aquilam volare feci.

 Lead ore 1 2641 sublimata & praecipitata 1, Bismutum 9 + Regulus 2641 1
confusa sublimata & praecipitata 1 confusa et
contrita et cum e314 e325 puro 2 sublimata, reliquerunt in fundo
2 et iterum cum e314 e325 1 sublimata reliquerunt
in fundo 2. Ita ut 2644 ea lege qua 2643 elevari
nequeat.

Lead ore impregnated with spirit 2641ii & sublimed with e339 prep.
the bottom 3grains sublimed with e314 e325 3grains left 3grains.
something more fusible then before, so that it
would almost melt over a candle. Item the said
bottom 16 grains melted difficultly with sublimate of Bismutum precipitate 8grains
& fumed considerably in the melting & the same poudered
3grains with e314 e325 2grains left 2 grains in the bottom so that


in all three cases the e314 e325 carried up only the Bismuth,
yet left the Lead ore more fusible.
April 26. 1686 wednesday I sublimed
spirit of Spelter (which two years before had
been dissolved in distilled spirit of 2641 & sublimed
with e339 (two parts with three) then with its weight
of e00d the e339 destroyed, the salt filtred & now
sublimed.) When almost dry it was very apt
to boile over in the subliming, but after the
salt began to rise it boyled below without
rising up. All the while the salt rose
there came over flegm into the Receiver
which washed along some of the salt with it
This dryed in a gentle heat left a
white salt weighing 18grains. In the neck of
the Retort was the rest of the salt
weighing 72 grains. In all the salt weighed 90grains.
In the bottom of the Retort remained a
whitish saltish scoria which would not melt.
The sublimed salt melts easilier then that
of the like salt of 2640 but is not more
volatile. It was longer in fuming away
(in proportion of 3 to 2) whether because
less volatile or because melted I know
not. I think because less volatile.
Of this volatile salt 4grains sublimed
from Lead ore 6grains left 7grains in the bottom of a
grey colour. The matter in the subliming
melted not. The salt which flew away rose
difficultly. The remainder in the bottom
would not melt in the naked flame of
a candle: nor upon a red hot iron
would it melt or so much as fume.
The same volatile salt 4grains sublimed
from 5grains of a white precipitate (I think
of Regulus 26432641, Bismuth ana sublimed) left 6 1/6grains
in the bottom. But the pure white salt
or sublimate of 2640 4grains sublimed from the same

151
precipitate 5grains left only 2 1/4grains in the bottom.
So that e339 of 2640 volatizes Lead ore & other things
much more then the e339 of Spelter.
Lead ore 8grains Venus volatilis impur 10grains sublimed together
left 10 1/4 in the bottom, the matter being urged
with a candle till it had done fuming &
was melted. From this I sublimed e339 nostrum
cum Adrop impur. & e00d 10grains, & it left the matter
of the same weight & fusibility as before.
Regulus of 2642 made with 2641 8 or 8 1/2 & 2642 4.
Of this 4 1/2 ounces 2641 3 ounces, Ores of 2642,
2640 2643 2644 2646 ana 1 1/8 ounce. The 2641 & ores
mixed & melted together boyled much. The
Regulus was beaten fine & thrown on it,
nimbly stirred & melted & still the matter
foamed. It being cast off, there was a spongy
scoria & Regulus. The same repeated with new
matters & saltpeter thrown on it, did not
foame so much as before but became
much more liquid. This Regulus had a
glorious star. Whether the first had I
cannot tell, the scoria not easily coming
off. I melted it again with niter & then
it had a star, & so had the second. In
a new crucible I melted the 1st 9 parts with 2640
parts & the 2d 9 parts with 2640 4 1/5. The
saltpeter for want of heat did not flow
well on the first. In casting it pitted in
the middle without any appearing network
but being broke it was hollow like a
honey comb in the middle towards the top.
The salt came off white. On the second
the salt flowed & came off dark & scorious of

 the colour of Barley bread, & on the top
was a long hollow
running from the middle to the side &
wrought with network. The hollow was
made by the air rushing in between the
hardened salt & the metal sinking. The
first melted again so as to make the
salt flow gave the like dark scoria
& hollow wrought with network. The
second being melted again so as to make
the salt flow, the salt came off white
& the metal was pitted in the middle
with some network about the pit but
no long hollow like the former. The
first being melted again the salt came
off white & the metal was pitted like
the second but with much finer
network. ‡ <in mg:>261e ‡ Whence note that the salt must
flow, else it purges not the metal. I
made it flow by covering the fire
with bricks. This metal broaken looked
finer then any other I ever made
without the ores. The next time
proceed thus.
Regulus 2641 9 2642 4. Make a Regulus. Cast this
Regulus poudered 4 parts on 2641 2 parts & the ores
part & throw a little saltpeter on the
top to make the matter flow more easily
& boile less. On copper 4 parts heated
red hot in a new crucible cast 9 parts
of this Regulus. Throw saltpeter on it enough
to cover the matter in flux, & cover
the fire with bricks till the salt flow: for
otherwise it purges not. Purge it once more

153
e31d 1 + 2641 2 confusa per liquefactionem et
sublimata et praecipitata 7grana. Leo viridis (seu e339 noster)
3grana contrita et sublimata linquebant 3 1/3grana in
fundo. This again sublimed with Leo viridis 3grains left
2/5grains in fundo. And this sublimed with Leo viridis 1/2grain
left 1/10 grain below. It sublimed always with
a very easy heat over a candle but scarce
melted. Only towards the end of the first
sublimation a very little of it melted
next the glass, more in the second, still more
(in proportion to the whole) in the third.
May 16th. 1686 I sublimed Venus volatilis 60grains
with precipitate of 2641 2parts & e010 1 (confusis
sublimatis praecipitatis et edulcoratis) 80grains & about
16 or 20grains remained in the bottom. The
sublimate I dissolved in water & had 58
grains of salt & as much precipitate
which with that which remained in the
bottom made up 74grains the rest
being lost either in moisture evaporated
or scoria sticking to the retort & glasses
The salt carried up 2641ial calces as
‡ <in mg:>261e ‡ before: So that water precipitates these
sublimates out of these salts & leaves
the salt much of the same vertue as
before. The precipitate was yellow &
being dried & urged over a candle
sent up a very little fume & then
remained white like chalk: so that
the yellowness proceeds from a very little
volatile sulphur.
Venus volatilis & 263f ana sublimed in a white
salt as volatile as the Venus volatilis & more


fusible. This sublimate 16grains from precipitate
of the Oak 10grains carried up 7grains & left
3grains of grey dirty matter in the bottom
The sublimate was white & as volatile
as Venus volatilis & as much or more fusible
Of the rest of the former sublimate
grains being dissolved in water there
remained a white pouder in the bottom
undissolvable, which being edulcorated &
dried weighed about 3 1/4grains, & was tastless.
The solution evaporated afforded a salt
which tasted something like 263f sublimate
but more stiptick & in the air grew
moist.
If sal armoniac be dissolved in aqua
fortis to make aqua Regis, & the
menstruum distilled, the aqua fortis in a gentle heat comes
over first & leaves the sal armoniac
behind, the same in weight & vertue
as before: so that the e339 is not altered
nor destroyed by the e00d until the
menstruum be imployed in dissolving 2609 or
some other body.
Lead ore & e339 ana 24 parts leave 15 1/2 if
sublimed in a glas or 15 1/4 or 15 1/6 if
sublimed in the open air. For in the air the
Lead ore impregnated rises more easily then
in a glass: & thence looks more white
after the sublimation is ended. Let it be in a
glass retort & the heat so big as to rais
the e339 but not to make the Lead ore melt

155
& the e339 will leave the Lead ore first round
about the bottom & sides retiring into the
middle above & there growing less & less
till all be sublimed: Which will be known
by the ceasing of the fumes. If any remain
unsublimed the salt core above must be cut
out after the glass is broken & kept for
a new Sublimation. The remaining calx
in boyling water let go a salt sweetish.
It required very copious solvent, but dissolved
more easily in a much
smaller quantity of vinegre out of either
solvent precipitated with a little spirit of e339
The first trial about half of the calx
dissolved & half of the dissolved salt
precipitated. The second time when I had
urged the calx with a gentler heat
there dissolved above 1/2 of the calx &
of the extracted salt two thirds
precipitated & one third remained in the
solution. This evaporated did crystallise like
e339 & was of a white colour & after much acid spirit destilling over
sublimed (about two fifths or 1/3 of it) like the same salt
extracted by destroying the e339 without 2644, & the sublimed e314 was white & as volatile as that but
scarce so fusible nor so white having in the superficies a tincture of yellow. The rest which sublimed
not flowed in heat (like the caput mortuum of
our e316) & in flux was transparent & sent up fumes
very slowly like that caput mortuum. For it had been
formerly sublimed from it by a red
heat of two days continuance + The above mentioned
extract by evaporation crystallized in small grains like
<The following long note, keyed to the second to the last line of text with a "+" is written in the left margin perpendicular to the text.>‡ <in mg:>+ I poured to it a little vinegre of 2641 & there precipitated about 1/3 of the salts
weight in a white ponderous pouder which would neither melt nor fume on a hot
iron nor dissolve in e00d, & the remaining salt grew so fixt as not to fume & scarce to melt on a hot iron.



a pouder & flowed more difficultly then the
Lead ore impregnated did before extraction.
pr
 Venus volatilis made by destroying the e339 with 2641
12grains sublimed from white Lead 100grains there
distilled over a little pungent spirit (mixed
perhaps of the spirits of Vinegre nitre & e339,
& in this spirit crystallized first towards the
mouth of the Retort & then by degrees
toward the middle of the neck. The crystalls
whilst moist tasted keen & stingingly, but
after evaporation of the moisture in a
gentle heat equal to that of blood, were
much milder then that of salarmoniac, tasting
like common salt or more exactly like the
Venus volatilis being fully as mild or milder &
of the same degree of volatility or a
little more volatile, having been newly
in agitation. Whence I conclude it
was venus volatilis without any mixture of e339
It weighed (being dry) about 1/2 a grain.
that is 1/24 of the whole Venus volatilis & therefore
the e339 in the whole was very
inconsiderable, if not wholy destroyed by the 2641
As for the sharp spirit that came over
before the salt, its likely that there is the
like spirit sticking in the Venus volatilis
extracted from Lead ore by reason of the copious
sharp spirit which in the last experiment came
over before the sublimation of that venus volatilis
Sublimate of e325 & e339 1 part filtred from the
2641 & poured to e00d 2 parts dissolved iron filings

157
much more freely then copper ones, &
the solution filtred evaporated dryed & urged
in a Retort, in a heat which would not raise
e339, grew into a violent ferment, & waxing
vehemently hot thereby, sent up a copious
white fume which condensed into water &
upon fresh heating fermented two or three
times & then there sublimed a volatile salt
mixed with the feculent e30d of 2642 which tinged
the whole salt both within & without of a
pretty deep red colour. This salt tasted not
like the venus volatilis but of a strong stiptick
vitriolique tast & weighed 29grains about which
weight the venus volatilis would have been if
extracted without 2642. From all which
circumstances I gather that the venus volatilis wrought
upon the solution of 2642 & in
the fermentation the spirit let go the 2640 &
volatized the 2642 by working on it.
Our e310 made with e339 works not
upon the foregoing white precipitate of Lead ore
e326 2 parts carries up of our 2641 1 part & the
sublimate is white with a yellowish tincture & not fusible & the precipitate thereof in water is also white
e326 45grains, Oake 50grains left 8grains below of a
dirty colour. The sublimate was white & fusible in
the same heat in which it sublimed.
e326 240grains 263f 240grains, about 2/3 thereof sublimed like a
white salt 1/3 like a black limus dried besides
some running 263f. I took away 36grains of 263f &
added 20grains of e326 & it arose wholy like a white
salt with a very little running 263f. I suppose 40 grains for I got 18 grains of running 263f out of it In this sublimate

there was 7 of 263f to 9 of e326. But 2 to 3 will do better.
Our e316 2125iv, 2641 sublimate 2125v 1/2 or 2125vi left
below 2125ii & the sublimate weighed 2125iv 5/8 besides
what distilled into the receiver which being
dryed weighed        . The caput mortuum dissolved
in water left in the bottom a grey rust-like
pouder which weighed about 2125i, & upon a red hot
iron neither melted nor fumed but with double
it's weight of e339 melted like pitch & boiled &
left below 2/3 of the pouder hardned & sticking to
the glass, 1/3 flying away with the glass. The said
solution was blew but upon evaporation & drying grew first
white & then red. This red salt flowed & boyled
& fumed much upon a red hot iron, but upon
a glass in a heat which almost made it flow
& which was much greater then would raise
e339 it fumed not sensibly, but only dried
so as 6grains became 5 1/4. The same red salt
6grains mixed with its weight of 263f arose as easily
as e339 in the form of a white salt & left 3 1/3
grains below of a blackish colour which being again
mixed with its weight of 263f there arose a little
white salt & below there remained 3grains of
black tastles pouder which upon a red
hot iron neither melted nor fumed but with
e339 melted like pitch, tho not so freely as the
former pouder nor with the loss of 1/3 of its
weight. The aforesaid caput mortuum 0292iii
263f 0292i sublimed sent up in sublimate 0292i 1/2.
That which rose first was more fusible &
volatile then that which rose last. & much 263f was held down in the caput mortuum tasting like e310. This sublimate
8grains, oak sublimed & precipitated 4grains left below 3grains.
e326 fixed conteins 6 of 2640 & 19 of 2641, in all 25,
so that 2640 is 1/4 of the whole. Vide pag. 267

159

The medicall virtues
of Saline &
other Praeparations.

1 Of Spirit of wine
This hinders the putrefaction of flesh fish & vegetables immersed in
it & of Blood digested with it etc
It is one of the most powerfull fomentations for aches
& other cold distempers of the nervous parts, insomuch that
sometimes it hath arrested the spreading mortifications of
gangreans. In severall cases it does allay
the inflammation of the externall parts, which given
inwardly would quickly inflame the body.
<The remainder of this page is blank except for possible shelfmarks and indications of library ownership.>


2 Volatile salt
of hartshorn, blood, Urin, soot, salarmoniac etc see p 207
The strongest spirit of e339 (drawn I suppose with strong quick lime)
its steams by piercing the organs of smelling of one that
by cold hath quite lost his smell, as not onely in a few
minutes to be felt themselves, but
so open the passages that in a few minutes the patient
may smell other things also. And it hath recovered
the smel of one that had lost it many yeares. It is
also very powerful against the head ach, but will not always
cure it, & for that use the spirit ought not to be so
strong. Against colds also & obstructions in the head it
is very effectuall
Riverius commends crude soot to the quantity of a
drach against the Pleurisy
Of a medicine of one highly cryed up for it the
cheif secret was in spirit of soot in which flowers of e30d
were by a certain way brought to be dissolved & swim
in little drops of a golden colour. Boyles Philos. p 141. Tom 2
The spirit of fermented urin once or twice
rectified, & given in 10, 20, or 30 drops in a convenient
liquor is effectuall against the Pleurisy, most coughs
& other distempers Ibid p 143. And the spirit & salt of blood drawn
by digesting first with e308 to keep the blood from
corruption, seems to excell not onely that but spirit of
harts horn it self, by it great performances against
Astmas, Consumptions stuffing phlegm in the lungs p 280., & other obstinate cases. Iibid.
Its preparation se pag 320 et sequentia.
Essence of hartshorn (i.e. its spirit or salt drawn immediately
from great bits of the horn per se & once or twice gently
rectified from the oyle) its dose is from 8 or 10 drops or
grains to 6 times as many in warm beer or any vehicle
that is not acid, except milk. It being of an attenuating
resolving diaphoretic nature, a resister of malignity
putrefaction & acid humors (for mixed with sour juices as spirit of
Vinegar, etc it destroys their acidity) is to be directed in
Feavers Coughs, Plurisies, obstructions of the nerves spleen liver
& womb, & principally affections of the brain as
stoppages of the head, Feavourish deliriums, & even in
Phrenetide, & hath cured the convulsion fits. Besides
this there is a nobler essentia cornu cervi. Ibid p 158, 175.
Also the odor of that, or of highly rectified spirit of e339 recovers out of
Epilepticall fit (i.e. of the falling sickness) & Astmas if they proceed
from obstructions in the nerves of the Diaphragm. And with spirit
of mans blood, almost deplorable & hereditary consumptions have been cured.
p 273. And in dropsies perhaps thes spirits may be powerfull.
Vide pag 207 hujus

161

3 Alcalizate salts & otheres made
by incineration or
out of Caput mortuums etc.
The caput mortuum of e339 & salt of e33f ana: yeilds a
salt by solution & evaporation as highly diuretick as
anything known. And hath been very happily imployed though
but in a small dose, as from 6, 8, or 10 grains to a cruple.
Boyle of the determinate nature of effluviums p 36.
Volatile Salt of Tartar by a slight digestion with
vegetable poysons, particularly Napellus that fatal hearb,
corrects their poisonous qualities p 126 of Boyles Philosophy Tom 2
The salt extracted out of the caput mortuum of
e00d (distild with e316,) by affusion of water, & depurated by
frequent solutions & filtrations is the famous Panacea
duplicata or arcanum duplicatum of the Duke
of Holstein that great viruoso, which he purchased for
500 crowns; & of which his experienced Phisitian writes
to Schroder: Mille experimentis, salis hujus efficaciam
Aula nostra comprobavit in melancholicis affectibus
febribus quibuscunque continuis & intermittentibus,
calculo, scorbuto etc. Quin et somnum conciliasse
praesertim in melancholicis non semel notavimus. Dosis
a scrupula 1 ad scrupula 2. Libras aliquot quotannis
absumimus. And another of the same court affirms its diuretick
& deoppilative virtue. Ibid p 120.
Mr. Boyle knew a slight but tedious preparation
of salt of Tartar (I suppose not volatised) correct &
tame strong poisons, & by the same prepared salt
dexterously specificated by simples the virtues of some
vegetables have been highly exalted. p 179.
Of volatile salt of Tartar Helmont saith. Quod
si ad istud ignis arcanum non pertingatis, discite
saltem salem tartari reddere volatilem ut hujus medio
vestras solutiones perficiatis: Qui etsi sua soluta
anaticè homogenea deserat, digestus in nobis: illorum
tamen aliquot vires mutuatus est quos intra defert
plurimorum morborum domitrices. De febr c 5 num 26
Again Dicam saltem pro ingenuis quod spiritus salis
Tartari si unicornu, argentum, hydrargyrum, lapides

cancrorum vel aliquod e simplicibus dissolverit, nedum
febrim, sed et plures affatim morbos sanet. etc de febr.
c. 17 versus finem. Again Mirum sanè quantum sal
Tartari, vel unicum, volatile factum non praestiterit:
Nam omnem e venis amurcam detergit et
obstruentium contumaciam dispergitque apostematum suscepta
conciliabula. De hoc salis (et non Olei) spiritu verum
est illud Paracelsi, quod quocunque non attigerit vix
alius potentior perveniet. Scholarum humoristarum passiva deceptioScholarum humoristarum passiva deceptio c 2. n 89. These Mr. Boylesquotes p 196 Ibid
Of Alcalies Helmont saith, That fixed Alcalies
being brought to volatility equal the virtue of the
great arcana. For being indowed with an incisive or
resolving virtue, they do penetrate even to the Limen
of the fourth digestion & resolve what ever
preternatural coagulation they find in the veins: & in
a word their spirit is of so exquisite a penetrative
nature that where they reach not no other thing in
the world will be found to reach. George Starkeys
Pyrotechny asserted. p 81.
The excellent virtues & use of Alcalies appears from their
applicableness to Sulphurs both minerall & vegetable.
In it any Sulphur is extracted out of any mean
minerall or inferior metal insomuch that Lead, only
by mediation of fixed salts, will suffer its elements
of e30d & 263f to be dissolved & will become a running
argent vive; the sulphureous & saline parts being
imbibed in the Alcalies, by means of which also they
may be volatised. Starkey Pyrotechny p 82.
Yea even by bare boyling in a strong lixivium
of tartar may the e30d of 2641 be obteined separated from
the 263f or Regulus, as by fusion the same is attained more
opened & dissolved. For the salts melted with it imbibe its
e30d, & then being dissolved in water or in a moist place
of themselves, colour the hands with a golden colour
by reason of the invisibly conteined e30d, which by
precipitation with an acid liquor may be made to appear (
together with an intollerable stink) in a red form called
see pag 209.

163

4 Acid juices, as Vinegar, or abstracts of
bread or other vegetables etc
These are very hurtfull to consumptive persons. And
yet the fume of sulphur which affords the highly acid oyle of e30d per campanem
is one of the best remedies taken like tobacco with a mixture of
amber or a cephalic herb as Coltsfoot or Betony, melted with the e30d or mingled with its
flowr to allay the smoake thereof, & poudered. But there must
be a syrrup in readiness to releive those that the acrimony of
the fumes may blister or make sore their mouths &
throates. See Boyles Philosophy Tom 2 p 273.
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5 Oyles & oleaginous substances
Hartman (prax chem p 12.) commends the oyle of soot
(drawn from that which adheres to the lower part of the chimney & shines most like jet. by distillation digestion with
the spirit for a while & then together
with half as much e308 rectifying them) & says that 3 drops
of it given in Vinegar to an almost dying man
will wonderfully refresh him, & if it produce
copious sweats it will recover him, otherwise he will die.
Boyles Philos p 317 sect 2.
The oyle of blood (drawn at the same time with the
spirit & salt, & of which there are two & sometimes
3 sorts viz yellow, blackish, & a middle coloured one)
has been made but little or no use of except in outward
applications, it being very fetid. yet upon tryall
the yellow oyle dissolved in Balsamus Samech made with
spirit of vinegar instead of e308, did suddenly upon tyrall
cure a Hectic feaver in which dissease the spirit of blood is
very succesfull. p 325. This yellow oyle will dissolve
in e308.
Glauber saith that the oyle of hartshorn (drawn
in distilling the Spirit & rectified from salt of Tartar) cures
Quartans, inward wounds, pains produced by falls,
convulsions, etc. Ibid p 346.
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165

6 Sulphureous tinctures
Balsamum sulphuris is made by dissolving flour
of brimstone in 4 or 5 times as much oyle of Olives
or nuts or poppey-seeds or any exprest oyle suitable to the distemper boyled in a pipkin together
half filled with them till it be perfectly dissolved into
a blood red balsam which will be in less then an hower
& stirring it continually both during the boyling and
afterward till it be cold, least it turn
to a clotted liver coloured mass, for which reason the fire
though it must be quick yet not too quick, least also the
oyle take fire & endanger the house: Its vertues are
the same with those related by Rulandus of his wonderfull
Balsamum e30dis & perhaps they are the same medicines. In
coughs, old strains, Bruises, Aches, & sometimes incipient
fits of the gout, & especially obstinate Tumors it doth greater
things then one would expect. It cured Pyrophilus sister
of a dangerous consumption. Sometimes it is not
ineffectuall against the Sciatica, It is very healing & resistive
of putrefaction, & wonderfully cured one in mictu
sanguinis ferè deplorato being first by a gentle heat
reduced to such a consistence as to be made up into pills.
In outward applications it must be either well chafed
on or laid on with lint or both, or incorporated with any
other convenient oyntment & the place kept warm.
Inwardly it is taken from 2 to 15 or 20 drops upon
a fasting stomach, either alone or brought to the consistence
of pills or bolus with Sugar, or dissolved in any convenient vehicle
Boyles Philos. p 156, 360. Tom 2.
The virtue of the fumes of e30d, see acid juyces.
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Vitriols
Vitriol of pure silver well dulcified, & taken in pills two
or 3 grains in a pill is a strong & innocent purger of Serum
pag 308 of Boyles Philos Tom 2.
Phlegm of Vitriol, & saccarum Saturni (severally) given
inwardly doe much cool the blood, & outwardly applyed
are good for burns & hot humors, & yet they do
potently discuss cold tumors. Ibid p 213.
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167

Antimoniall preparations
The emetic & cathartic properties of the Regulus of Antimony
may be destroyed by calcination with saltpeter.
The flowers of Antimony are violently emetic.
In making bezoardicum minerale the emetic quality of
2641 is changed to become diaphoretic, resolving & doppilative.
If on the glass of Antimony, which (& its infusion in water) is emetic, you
digest pure spirit of Vinegar till it be highly tinged
& gently abstract the menstruum & on the remaining
yellow or red pouder digest well dephlegmed spirit of
Wine you will after a while obtein a noble & not
emetic tincture, which may be taken from 5 or 6 drops
to 10, 20 or perhaps 30 or much more without vomiting. This Basil
Valentine
 in his Currus Triumpalis & others highly extoll for
severall diseases. P 180 of Boyles Philosophy Tom 2.
2641 & 263f (in the graduall distillation of butter of 2641)
sublimed into a cinnaber, & then that Cinnaber resublimed 6 or 7
times per se make a medicine neither emetic nor
purgative of which many grains in substance may be safely taken, & of a
few drachms infused in a pound or 2 of wine a
spoonfull or two is of great inoffensive efficacy p 179. Ibid.
Antimonium diaphoreticum & Bezoardicum minerale
if well made are strongly sudorific. The infusion of
crocus metallorum or glass of Antimony are violently both
emetic & cathartic, & these yea the Regulus of 2641 also sometimes prove emetic
even when put up in Clysters.                           see p 284.
Cerus of Antimony salives but nothing so much, so
generally, & so certainly as 263f, & perhaps its salivating virtue
proceeds from the mercurial part of the 2641 wherewith the
Regulus of which tis made abounds. p 286.
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169

Mercurial preparations
Mercury sublimate is deprived of its deadly corrosiveness by
bare resublimations with fresh 263f & becomes a medicine
inoffensive even to children.
The evacuating force of Mercurius vitae (abusively
so called) is moderated by keeping it continually stirring
in a flat well glazed earthen vessel over a chafin dish
of coales till it emit no more fumes, but grow of a
greyish colour & Mr. Boyl is informed that this is the
preparation of the mercurius vitae purgans often commended by
the fameous practitioner Riverius in his Observations. Philosophy
pag 178 Tom 2.
Quicksilver by inunction may be made to salivate as
well as if swallowed down p 210.
Water in which Quicksilver has been for some howers
shaken, or perhaps Boyled, is very effectual against worms.
Though 263f be a great enemy to the genus nervosum
(i.e. compages of the nerves) yet some use mercuriall
preparations to cure the palsy. p 270.
If purified 263f be precipitated dexterously by a long
& competent digestion with a due proportion of gold
refined, the salivation is performed with much more ease
to the patient. And I could wish the power of salivation
were tryed in other then venereal diseases as in dangerous
consumptions, Ulcers of the Kidneys Palseys etc. p 287.
Praecipitate quicksilver with good oyle of vitriol & so make a Turbith
dulcify it by abstracting from it 20 or 25 times pure
spirit of wine of which fresh must be taken at every
abstraction. This was the pouder for which Adrian Glasmaker
was cryed up for prodigious cures done with it at
Amsterdam Monsieur Le Fever told Mr. Boyle that a Collonel of his
acquaintance fell into distemper of his eyes, which in few months
made him stark blind of both in spight of the Phisitians. This
Emperic told him he would cure him if the Collonel would
undergo the torment of the cure & so made him snuff up
into each nostrill about a grain of this pouder, which
quicly in a most strangely violent way wrought with him
almost all imaginable ways as by vomit, seige, sweat,
Urin spitting & tears, within 10 or 12 howers that this
operation lasted, making his head also swell very much
but within 3 or 4 days after this single taking of the
drastick medicine had done working, he began to recover

some degre of sight & within a fortnight became more
quicksighted then ever before. Another to whom this pouder
was communicated cured thereby a cancer in a womans breast
See pag 287. Ibid.
The knowledg of the salivating & other active
properties of Mercury, & of its enmity to putrefaction &
distempers springing from thence hath very much inlarged
medicine. p 298.
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171

Other Mineral preparations.
Take the best refined silver (a mixture of copper will
either cause vomiting, or otherwise discompose the medicine)
dissolve it in cleansed e00d or spirit of niter (it is cleansed, by
puting in a little silver first to precipitate the spirit of sea
salt which is usually mixed with the spirit of niter) evaporate
let it shoot into crystalls, dry them very well yet so as
not to melt the calx, for which end they must be often
styrred. Take their weight of crystals of
Niter, dissolve each apart in distild rain water, mix
the solutions evaporate & dry the mass well stirring it
often, so that the matter melt not & yet all the corrosive
spirits be driven away, so that the remaining white pouder
emit not any offensive sent thereof, temper this with
the moistned crum of white bread into pills of the bigness of
peas, 4 grains of the pouder to a pill. Lap them up
in a wafer wetted with milk, or the pap of a roasted
apple when they are to be taken, & one two or thre
of these pills, according to the constitution of the person,
abounding more or less with serous humors, taken at
bed time evacuates the serum of persons Hydropicall
or otherwise molested with it, without being dangerous
or troublesome, sometimes it will work gently
for 2, 3, 4 yea 5 or 6 days together without weaking
the patient, making sick, or griping him. And when the
redundant serum is evacuated its operation ceases of
itself. It is good against distempers of the head & genus
nervosum, & hath benefited those with the Palsy, & other
distempers accompanied with too much serum. If taken too long
together the onely inconvenience is an incipient
Leucophlegmatia which is cured by intermitting it for a while
& giving after every 2d or 3d time if it be requisite
some Crocus Martis. Extract of Juniper or other
astringent or Hepatick medicines to corroborate the viscera &
preserve their Tone. Note that in making it, if the calx
of the 263d be blewish or greenish & not of a pretty good
white, it argues a mixture of copper, & that the virtue
of the medicine is in the vitriol of the 263d, which may be used
without the e315 but not so well. Boyles Philos. part 2 p 110
& 308, & 120. These are called the pillulae lunares
Tinglass carried up with common sublimate is made
into a white pouder which purges very gently in a dose of a

few grains, without being at all emetic. pag 124. Ibid.
Bezoardicum minerale is commended for its diaphoretic resolving & deoppilative power p. 125.

Calcine well the best hungarian or (for want of that)
Dantzic or other good Venereal Vitriol, till it be
of a dark red; dulcify it till the water come from
it as fresh & tastless as when poured on, dry it
throughly, grind it elaborately with its equall weight of sal
armoniac Sublime it in a retort either in naked
fire or in as strong a heat of sand as you can. Break
the Retort, lay by the caput Mortuum; If any of the sublimate be
not red or yellow but white (as will especially happen if the matters were
not wel ground together) grind all the sublimate again
together & sublime it once more per se, & if need be
a third time, but not oftener for it will impair
the virtue & turn it from red to a paler colour,
& perhaps sever it from the salt rather then further
unite it. Of this sublimate the highest red is
the best, being most impregnated with the
Colcotar. For that there is some of the Colcotar carried
up appears by evaporating the more volatile e339 in
a gentle heat for the remainder will grow more
red & burn with a greenish blew flam if cast upon
coales, something like copper opened by sublimate
The dose of this Ens Veneris or Colcotarine
flowers, for children is from 1 to 3 grains dissolved
in beer Ale or Posset drink but not in milk, when
they go to bed if they supped timely. For persons
of riper yeares 4, 6, 8, or 12 grains at a time dissoled
in 2 or 3 spoonfulls of sack or other wine if the
distemper will bear it, or in any other cordial
liquor. One person took 30 grains without
inconvenience. But Mr. Boyle himself takes but 2 or 3 grains It may be given for many nights together
if the person can bear it. It works by sweat &
a little by urin, & once & but once it proved emetic.

173
It is a somniferous medicine in feavours, far more safe
then Opium. It cures the head ach, which if inveterate
the medicine must be long continued, by which means also
it hath done wonders in the suppressione Mensium
obstinata. In worms it hath sometimes done strange things.
It never failed of provoking an appetite. It is a most
potent specific against the rickets & hath cured hundreds
some of which were esteemed in a desperate condition. Mr.
Boyl
 first invented it in imitation of Butlers stone, And
friend that first prepared it falling sick at the same time
with horrid seemingly pestilentiall distempers, had his
paines taken away by it. In making it, the salt
washed from the Colcotar in dulcifying may be
evaporated & preserved for a good vomit. For it is emetical
& sometimes there is a great quantity of it (especially
if the Colcotar have not been calcined enough) & that
sometimes almost as deeply coloured as the vitriol
it self before calcination. The caput mortuum remaining after
the first sublimation will in a cold moist place run per
deliquium into a thick high coloured liquor, richly
impregnated with the somewhat opened body of
coppper, & may be perhaps of good vertue against Ulcers.
And before you calcine the vitriol you may if you
pleas draw the spirit. Ibid. p 154. 330.
Helmont de febr c 2. affirms that he could make a
metal of which a ring worn would take away the pain of
the Haemorroids in the little time requisite to say the Lords
prayer, & within 24 howers the Haemorroids themselves both
internall & externall how protuberant soever would vanish
& the restagnant blood be received again into favour. But
Paracelsus mentions (in Archidox mag.) a more wonderfull
Electrum as he calls it which seems by his description to be
a mixture of all the metalls joyned together under a
certain constellation. Its affects against the Palsy, Apoplexy,
Epilepsy, Spasmes etc se Boyle ibid p 209
Aurum fulminans is greatly purgative, but being calcined
with twice or thrice its weight of flowers of brimstone till
the flores be burnt away it is commended by Chemists & others
for a diaphoretic. p 212. The same Aurum fulminans prepared &
fixed by a slight & familiar way, & made up with a little

oyle of sweet Almonds, cures the Haemorroids & Venereall
Ulcers. p 212.
The Electrum minerale immaturum Paracelsi
hanged about the neck so that it may touch the
tip of the stomach hath been found to cure those
that seemed bewitched. p 213.
Helmonts Ens Veneris with Spirit of Urin reduced to a
volatile salt & sweet. Starkey's Pyrotechny asserted.
p 157. And a little after he adds: For allaying the
fury of the inraged Archeus I admire Helmont's Ens
2640is prepared according to his direction in his tractate
called Butler; which is made of the volatile salt of
urin vindicated from its fætor, with which the dulcified
Colotar of Vitriol of 2640 is sublimed twice or
thrice & both become a glorious tincted body
or rather spirit in the dose of 5 or 6 grains
curing fevers agues Plurisies etc. Ibid. p 170.
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175
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177

Of other Animall & Vegetable
Substances.
The short lived & despicable plant Paronychia folio
Rutaceo infused in beer, doth wonders in curing the kings
evill. Boyles Philosophy, part 1. pag 46.
Oyle of scorpions is not onely good against their stings
but usefull in bringing away the descending stone of the Kidneys
Ibid p 47
The seed of the Peruvian Plant called Chalcoos
is esteemed by the natives & deservedly affirmed to be not onely diuretick & to bring
away gravel but to break the stone in the bladder. Boyles
Philosophy part 2. p 68. And the liquor of the earth
Persicaria or Arsmart (which may be drawn in a rose water
still) is very very effectuall for the same purpose Ibid. p 69
And a much slighter preparation of the ludus then with
the Alcahest may do much that way Ibid p 70. Also the
juyce of the Millepedes (or sows called woodlice) is highly
diuretick & aperitive & hath cured some of the stone. p 71 Yea by a slight preparation is made very effectuall p 145.
The almost insipid liquor that weeps in March or the
beginning of Aprill out of the transversly wounded
branches not trunks of the Birch tree, is wont to be used by persons of
quality as a good preservative against the stone & releives them that have that disease. It may
be preserved long by pouring on the top of it some sallet
oyle to defend it from the Air. One person preserved it by
distillation whereby he affirmed its virtue was not
impaired. But the most effectuall way of preserving this & other
liquor is by sufficiently impregnating them with the fumes
of lighted & extinguished sulphur p 92, 173 especially if a little of the white coagulans of the spirits of Wine & urin be added. Daucus or
wild caret seed fermented in small ale is also very
effectuall against Nephriticall distempers, suppose an ounce
& a half of seed to a gallon of Ale. And though the
seed be crude yet it makes the beer tast like Lemon
beer. p 94. Helmont extolls a drink made of the
afforesaid burch liquor, this semen Dauci, &
Beccabunga, & that deservedly p 92. Thé or Té as
we call it, among the Chineses & Japonians of Quality
is a common drink by means of which they are never

subject to the stone or gout, insomuch that 12114 of the
Japanical T'chia is often sold for 1002114 of silver p 94.
Swines flesh, Melons, & some other things named by
Sanctorius in his medicina Statica hinder
perspiration as is found by weighing men at divers
times, & therefore are unwholsom. p. 103. 
Sanctorius
 affirms also that excess in meat & drink once
or twice in a month conduces incredibly to
perspiration, & therefore is more healthfull then an
eaven temperate diet. Ibid.
Asarum which when crude provokes vomits by
boyling it a while onely in water, as Helmont
teacheth, hath its virulancy changed into deoppilans
diureticum tardarum febrium remedium. But by
boyling in wine it doth not thus becom diureticall.
Ibid p 126.
Parsly eaten suppose in a sallet by those that have
great distempers in their eyes, or imployed outwardly as
in a plaster will cause great pain & inflammation in
the eyes p 130
The juice of the Millepedes bruised in white wine
or perhaps other drink, is not onely effectuall against
the stone but against suffusions of the eyes with Cataracts
sore & exulcerated breasts of weomen & other such like distempers. Ibid p 145. The dose
may begin with 3 or 5 at a time & so increas each
morning by 1, 3, or 5 till it ascend to 9, or 60, &
then decreas again. A lady that by winding obstinate
fistulas was brought to deaths door & given over by
Physitians, was recovered by drinking twice of thrice
a day a drink made of a small portion of mint
& wormwoodd & 300 Millepedes well beaten (when
their heads are pulled of) in a mortar & tunnd
up with the hearbs & suspended in 4 gallons of
Ale during its fermentation. Ibid p: 146.
Mr. Boyle never knew any chemical preparation
half so powerfull in stanching blood, as two drachms
of Hyosciamum or henbane seed & the like weight
of Poppy seed beaten up together with an ounce
of conserve of red roses into a stiff electuary, & given
in the quantity of a nutmeg or wallnut. By this may

179
be cured profuse bleedings at the nose, & in weomen at
other parts. And for spitting & vomiting blood, all chemicall
medicines are out done by a slight syrrup made of a
convenient quantity of fine sugar & the strongly expressed
juice of 12 handfulls of plantane leaves & six ounces
of fresh cumfrey roots well beaten together. By these
remedies Mr. Boyle & some Doctors have snatched many
from the jaws of death. Ibid pag 150.
One long troubled with an almost hereditary Epilepticall
distemper & tyred with the tedious courses of physic of the
famousest Doctors with out mending, was cured by the pouder
of true Misseltoe of the Oak, given as much as would
ly upon six pence early in the morning in black
cherry water or even in beer for some days neer the
full moon, without being made sickish by it. It was
prescribed by an ancient Gentleman who being casually
present when she fell down as dead (of which fits she would
have sometimes 8 or 10. in a day) he professing that he
had constantly cured that disseas with it when ever he
could procure the right simple. Ibid p 175.
Not onely the easiest but the best way of
correcting Opium is to digest it a while in wine
impregnated with the Opium's weight of pure salt of Tartar.
Yet a much nobler laudanum may be made by adding
to the Opium, instead of the salt two or thre appropriate
simples & duly fermenting & digesting them together. p 178.
Mr. Boyle & divers others have been cured of
Quotidian & tertian agues by a mixture of two
handfulls of bay salt, 2 handfulls of the freshest English hops &
1/42114 of blew currans diligently beaten into a brittle
mass without the addition of any moisture & so spread upon
a linnen cloth & tyed about the wrists. Ibid p 210
A Physitian washing a childs scabby head with
a decoction of tobacco to dry up the scabbs, the boy was
made thereby both sick & drunk. p 210 Ibid
Turpentine & soot that inwardly are good for
quite other diseases (as Plurisies, obstructions of the kidneys)
outwardly are the main ingredients of pericarpiums
extolled against agues. p 211.
Millefolium or yarrow worn in a little bag on the

tip of the stomach, is very effectuall against agues. p 211.
Chilblanes may be cured by strowing on the sore place
the fince pouder of Quinces, thinly slict & dryed. p 211.
The pouder of a Toad burn alive in a new pot
& hung about the neck releives those that are
troubled with incontinentia Urinae by any casuall
laceration of their bladder; especiall if it be
renued when the vertue begins to decay. p 215.
 An unguent chiefly made of Misselto of the oak
is effectual to cure those that seem bewitched, which unguent is
described in a dutch book of Carricter's & another of 
Henricus ab Heer
 see Boyle Ibid p 216.
One much tormented with a Paronychia for 4 days
together was in 2 howers eased of the pain by putting
her finger into a Cats ear, & her whole hand which
before was tumid unswelld again except the finger, another was cured by the
same means, & in both these cases the cat was put to
manifest pain so that in latter two men could scarce
hold it while the cure was performing. p 228.
One saith that if a gouty person ly with whelps they
contract the diseas & very much ease the patient. p 229
A dog by licking the sore of the kings evill contracted
in his throat & cured the patient, This Mr. Boyle saw. p 229
The collic & tooth ach have been also transplanted
to puppies. Ibid p 229.
 Helmont & Harvey have sometimes cured tumors & excrescencies
by holding on them the hand of a man dead of a lingring
diseas. p. 230.
Sir Francis Bacon cured ancient warts by rubbing them
with a piece of lard with the skin on it & exposing it out
of a Southern window to putrefy p 230
Rubarb is very effectuall against loosness.
Cures by the weapon salve p 224 & 233.
Galen found Peony roots hung about the neck, very
effectuall against the falling sickness p 239
Moss growing upon a dead mans skull is effectuall
for stanching of blood. p 251.
Dysenteries (i.e. gripings & pains of the guts) are cured by
setting on a chair or stoole close on all sides with a
hole in it that the anus & neighboring parts may be
exposed to the fumes of ginger, or better of hartshorn,
which must be thrown upon a pan of coales below the

181
patient, who is to continue in that posture as long as he can
endure it without two much fainting. The same is cured by
sitting upon a heated Anvill. Some find more ease of the
Collic by clysters of the smoake of Tobacco, then by any other
Physic. p 253.
The odor of a strong decoction of Thé is effectuall against the
head ach. p 254.
A lady troubled with a cough found no pectorall remedy like that
of the fume of poudered Amber taken with a convenient herb in a
pipe or the common Balsamum Sulphuris. p 260
Of Rubarb the subtiler parts are purging & the
terrestriall astringent p 271.
By that stinking & odious medicine, the galls & livers of
eeles dryed slowly in an oven, Helmont & others after
him have kept multitudes of weomen from dying in hard
labour, it must be poudered & given to the quantity of half
a walnut or in very dangerous cases of a walnut at a
time in Rhenish wine or white wine. p 275.
The best cure usually for the stings or bitings of
scorpions serpents or other venemous beasts, is to bath
the place with their oyle or to apply the beaten body of
the beast that gave it, of some other beast of the same or
analogous kind, p 275, which must be stamped to a due consistence
One of the best remedies for curing the fluxes which
were so violent in Ireland was to boyle unsalted< or >fresh butter gently till a pretty part
was consumed, skimming it diligently from
time to time while it is over the fire. & of this butter
melted to give now & then such a quantity as the patient
could bear. This was esteemed the best & most universall remedy
p 276.
Rhubarb purges Chollar & Hellebore melancholy humors.
& senna flegm. Ibid
Mersennus in a Mathematicall discours tells us that Cornes
may be taken away by applying & dayly renewing for
ten days or a fortnight the thallum (i.e. middle stalk that
grows between the blade & the root of Garlic)
bruised. Ibid
The true preparation of opium is an excellent
remedie, which if prepared with the volatile Elixirated
Alcaly of Tartar, (especially by its Samech,) is eminently
Diuretic & Diaphoretic, & aswages all pains in the body
& is an approved remedy for more then 40 diseases, & by

addition of other simples it is made more & more noble in
its operations, especially by addition of Myrrhe Aloes &
saffron, the basis of the elixir proprietatis. Starkey's
Pyrotechny asserted. p. 170.


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Medical observations.
The liquor that distends the Abdomen in a dropsy is of a
differing nature from either water or urin. It keeps
a pretty while without putrefaction, some of it whilst fresh
being evaporated it first coagulated into a substance like
whites of Eggs & afterwards to a glutinous substance
like size, & then grew hard like fish glew but more
brittle & transparent enough, & then being distilled,
toward the latter end yeilded a black oyle whose fumes
darkened the vessel. Boyles Philosophy part 2 p 37.
Some stones taken out of humane bladders being
anatomised, were found to consist of shells inclosing
one another like the rinds of an onyon & in the
center of one a little small soft oval stone like a
kernel. Then these stones amounting to 2 1/2
ounces being poudered finely & distilled in a well
coated Retort in naked fire yeilded great store of
volatile salt partly grey & partly white which almost
covered the inside of the receiver, & a pretty quantity
of reddish spirit which in the bottom of the receiver soon
coagulated into salt of it self, & in the neck of the
Retort a great quantity of darkish adust oyle mixt
incorporated with a pretty quantity of volatile salt. This
salt smelt & tasted like that of unfermented Urin.
The caput mortuum remained a coale black pouder
like fine soot, weighing six drachms & being insipid yet stinking so
much as to make one think it still contained store of the
heavy oyle, & accordingly being further calcined in a
crucible it was reduced to about two drachms of a
brittle insipid white calx which did not stack or fall
asunder like lime in water. Ibid. p 39
A heart being cut in pieces the pulses of each will for
a while be synchronall.
Weomen with child may be let blood without
miscarrying, notwithstanding Hyppocrates his Aphorism.
The stone is not peculiar to men as Helmont & others
have thought, but common to beasts also.

A bite with a viper is certainly cured by holding a
red hot iron to the place before the poyson spread. Ibid p 50
A plaister of Cantharides applied to draw a blister
in the neck or other place, will indanger to cause a
pain in the neck of the bladder, which may be cured
by drinking new milk well sweetened with sugar
candy. Ibid p 52. Cantharides taken inwardly have excoriated the bladder p. 210
The Air is so necessary to the groth & putrefaction
of things that a bare protection of them therefrom is
usually sufficient to preserve them therefrom. Thus
the Dutch preserve bisket for some yeares in their
East India voyages by keeping them close in vessels
lind with tin, meat also boyld or roasted & shred &
potted up with melted butter poured on it, first sckimd &
decanted from the feculent part, some liquors keepe
longer from putrefaction by pouring oyle on the
top of them, & by such means fruits & raw flesh may be
preserved long without sugar etc (Ibid p 97) as by
immersing them in spirit of wine etc.
Sugar may be made out of the sweet juyces of
divers vegetables.
A water brought out of Africa was heavier by
4 ounces in the pound then our English water, of equal
bulk p 104
The insipid resin of Jalap drawn with Spirit of wine &
made up into pills with a little gum tragaganth &
half its weight of poudered Cinnamon is a purge
much less griping then those that are commonly
administered p 110
One undertook to cure constantly the
exulcerated cancers of weomens breasts with a medicine
which by the colour & confession of the person was guessed
to be a dulcification of Arsnick first fixt with
Niter & then freed from its corrosiveness by frequent
distillations of fresh spirit of wine p 112 & p 123
A man by the kick of a hors having the part
gangring & falling into a fever was cured by a large
Dose of Sir Walter Raughleighs Cordial p 113 See
more of this & the Cordiall it self p 312
The Bezoar falls short of the prais given it. And
in a mans bladder (which perhaps is much of the same
nature) Bontius saith that in the Plague in holland 1624 & 1625
for want of the Bezoar stone he used the humane & found

(End of the second part - Fin de la deuxième partie)

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